December 2019 eBrief
Christmas Related matters – Christmas Gifts for your Clients and Employees
Are gifts to your employees, clients and suppliers claimable as a business expense? Gifts to employees may be classified as an exempt Fringe
benefit, and are therefore not claimable, nor subject to Fringe Benefits Tax (FBT).
If the gift is a minor benefit (i.e., less than $300 value), then the gift is not tax deductible, and therefore GST is not claimable for gifts to employees and their family members. No FBT applies to gifts of less than $300.
For gifts over $300, FBT may apply for employees and their family members, but FBT does not apply to clients or suppliers. You must then consider the deductibility of Entertainment rules.
Gifts to clients or suppliers such as a holiday, membership to a club, or tickets to a theatre, sporting or musical event are considered to be entertainment and are therefore not deductible.
Christmas parties held on your premises are exempt from FBT – as a minor exempt benefit – if the costs are less than $300 per head. If held outside your premises then it is also exempt from FBT. When exempt, there is no tax deduction, and there are no GST credits.
Tax Exempt entities have slightly different application of FBT to entertainment-related expenses.
Giving your clients a gift at Christmas is a personal choice that you as the business owner can make. Be aware that some clients may not be allowed to accept gifts due to their business’s Code of Conduct (e.g., government workers).
We remind you that the topic of entertainment, tax deductibility and fringe benefits tax is complex and not always straight forward and may require the guidance of your tax agent.
The ATO Explains the New SG Law with Salary Sacrificing Super
From 1 January 2020, salary sacrificed super contributions cannot be used to reduce your super guarantee obligations, regardless of the amount your employee elects to salary sacrifice. This means for the purposes of super guarantee (SG), the salary sacrificed amount will not count towards your super guarantee obligations.
In addition, the amount of super you are required to pay, to avoid the super guarantee charge will be 9.5% of the employee's ordinary time earnings (OTE) base. The employee’s OTE base is the sum of the employee’s OTE and any sacrificed OTE amounts.
Christmas Related matters – Public Holidays
Public HolidaysPublic holidays form part of the National Employment Standards (NES) that every employer is bound by. In addition to the NES, employees are governed by an award or registered agreement or another legal instrument. The NES allows an employee to be absent from work on a public holiday and to be paid for it. An employer may reasonably request an employee to work on the public holiday, but the employee has a right to refuse the request.
Public Holidays WorkedIf the employee works on a public holiday, they should be paid public holiday penalty rates or provided with an acceptable alternative. Awards and agreements differ in the treatment of working on public holidays. Some awards state that a worked public holiday must be paid accordingly. Others allow for substitution of another day off in lieu of the public holiday.
An employer may not coerce an employee into substituting a day in lieu if the employee wishes to be paid penalty rates. If an employee normally works overtime on a day of the week that a public holiday falls on, the employee is only due to be paid ordinary hours for that day. They would not be due to be paid the overtime they have missed out on.
Public holidays during leavePublic holidays that fall during a period of paid leave are always paid as normal work days; they should not be taken as annual leave days. If an employee usually works a given number of ordinary hours and overtime hours, then they will be paid only for the ordinary hours on a public holiday, they will not be paid for the usual overtime hours. If a public holiday falls during a period of agreed unpaid leave, the public holiday is not paid.
Public Holidays Worked InterstateIf an employee is required to work interstate on a day that would be a public holiday in their usual state of employment, this must be recognised as a worked public holiday, even if the state being visited is not observing the same public holiday.
Can you ask an Employee to Work on a Public Holiday?An employer may request an employee to work on a public holiday if it “reasonable”, and an employee may refuse a request if it is “reasonable” according to Fair Work.
Factors to consider:
Paydays on Public HolidaysYou will need to consult the relevant award to see if there is particular provision for this scenario. In most cases, if payday falls on a public holiday then payment can be made on the next business day. The Fair Work Act is silent on this issue. If the day the employee will receive the wages is going to be later than usual, best practice is to notify the employees in writing well in advance.
These dates are from the ATO website and do not take into account possible extensions.
You remain responsible for ensuring that the necessary information is with us in time.
BAS/IAS Monthly Lodgement – November Activity Statement: 21st December 2019 final date for lodgement and payment.
BAS/IAS Monthly Lodgement – January Activity Statement: 21st February 2020 final date for lodgement and payment.
BAS/IAS Monthly Lodgement – February Activity Statement: 21st March 2020 final date for lodgement and payment.
2nd Quarter of FY 2020: BAS Lodgement – December Quarter 2019 (including PAYGI) 28th February, 2020 final date
for lodgement & payment
When a due date falls on a Saturday, Sunday or Public Holiday, you can lodge or pay on the next business day.
A public holiday is a day that is a public holiday for the whole of any state or territory in Australia
Due date for super guarantee contributions, for:
2nd Quarter of FY 2020, October to December 2019 – contributions must be in the fund by 28th January 2020.
The super guarantee charge is not a tax deduction if not paid by these dates.
Refer to the ATO for details regarding any SGC charges applicable if not paid by due date.
Single Touch Payroll
Closely Held Employees will need to start reporting from 1 July 2020. Are you ready?
If you want to talk to us about any of the above, click the button above to arrange a suitable time to discuss. Alternatively, contact us to send a query via the website or email.